Over the last couple of decades, the world has really opened up, internet commerce has dominated the way we shop, and this, in turn, means that the need to transport goods has also grown exponentially. When demand goes up, more companies are formed to handle the vast number of requests, and this includes a requirement for refrigerated transport, a specialist service that JMD Haulage has been providing for more than four decades.

What is Refrigerated Transportation?

Refrigerated Transport is the term for the transport phase of any cargo that needs to be kept at a controlled temperature. A vehicle capable of transporting refrigerated goods must have a built-in refrigeration system that must be regularly serviced and maintained and able to provide evidence that it is working correctly at any time.

How Does it Work?

Specialised freight trucks have three main components to create the refrigerated element needed to safely transport cargo that requires specific temperatures. First, there is a compressor that injects and compresses the gas-based refrigerant. This needs a small engine to power it and create the pressure needed. In a later part of the process, the condensed gas is liquefied. The second element is the condenser, which needs to absorb any water generated by the compressor. In a similar way to a condenser tumble-drier, this is a heat exchange, and the heat is transferred from the liquid into the refrigerated walls of the container. Finally, an evaporator is installed in the trailer, and this has the control valve that determines how much refrigerant is emitted to control the temperature.


1. Rising demand for fresh perishable goods

The bottom line is that refrigerated transportation is about keeping goods fresh. Many goods that require refrigerated transportation could not survive as usable products if they were not kept chilled or frozen. The world is such that there has been a rising demand for fresh goods like meat, vegetables, fruits, and other foods, partly because of the healthy eating culture and somewhat because we are being encouraged to eat a more vegan diet.

2. Perishable product shippers rely on refrigerated delivery service

When it comes to perishable products, they need to arrive at their destination in good condition. If they were not transported in refrigerated containers, they would degrade on the journey and lose saleability. Poorly transported food entering the market could be disastrous and leave consumers with food poisoning.

Failure to transport in the correct manner could also result in some items perishing and going bad. Meat, seafood, vegetables, and many other products need controlled temperature transportation to ensure no loss of taste or quality before the items reach the end consumer. We simply could not service the supply and demand needs globally if we did not have refrigerated transport available to move sensitive products.

3. Refrigerated freight applied to a wide range of types of products

The refrigerated freight industry includes things like pharmaceutical and medical items. Certain chemicals and even live animals need to be kept at controlled cooled temperatures making this an extensive section of the freight industry. Art dealer services also employ refrigerated freight that moves precious art at cool temperatures.

4. Compliance with the regulation in the world of shipping

The logistics required to transport chilled goods require many pieces of legislation to be observed. There are two primary guidance documents in the UK to note: The Food Safety and Hygiene (England) Regulations 2013 and the Regulation (EC) 852/2004. In the United States, refrigerated transport is regulated by the FDA. Goods can travel thousands of miles internationally, so it is essential that every country regulates the process well. The UK and European regulations are closely related to ensure easy movement in controlled temperatures.

To fully comply, refrigerated courier must have a complete record of the monitoring of these temperatures. There are times when the goods can be outside of this ‘below eight’ temperature, but these are for very short periods, for example, when the goods are being loaded and unloaded from the vehicles.

Regulation That Makes Refrigerated Delivery Service a Must

UK transportation rules state that during refrigerated transportation, the temperature of the food (as an example) must be refrigerated to below 8 degrees Celsius; this includes fresh and perishable produce, ready meals, dairy products, and any goods that have a use-by date and is classed as chilled produce. The Food Safety and Hygiene (England) Regulations 2013 state that this is to ‘Inhibit or prevent harmful microorganisms from multiplying.

State Of The Refrigerated Freight Industry

The logistics of transporting goods in a controlled temperature environment is actually a lot older than people think. The first transportation to use refrigeration was way back in the 1800s when ice and salt were placed underneath temperature-sensitive goods being transported on the freight rail network. It wasn’t a very good system, and there was a significant loss of goods due to spoilage.

By the 1900s, the process had been developed to a stage that made this method of transport a lot more reliable, and the industry has continued to grow from there.

Refrigerated Transportation at JMD Haulage

JMD Haulage is a leader in refrigerated transport. Our state-of-the-art systems use internet-based technology, and records to prove the temperature is controlled are automated, meaning there is a constant record of temperature, making the process of moving temperature-controlled goods the safest it has ever been.

If you need to use controlled-temperature transportation, why not get in touch and see what we can do.